Source: 2012 Census of Agriculture, 2010 U.S. Census Bureau
Number of Farms: 860 farms
Land in Farms: 129,600 acres
Average Size of Farm: 151 acres
Market Value of Products Sold: $107,688,000
$45,424: market value of crops including nursery and greenhouse
$62,264: market value of livestock, poultry and their products
Average Market Value of Products Sold Per Farm: $125,219
Total Land Area: 458.14 square miles [covers 38 percent of land in Washington County]
Average age of Washington County Farmer: 55.5 years
710 male principle farm operators
150 female principle farm operators
65.8% of agricultural land in Washington County is dedicated to crops
16.8% of agricultural land in Washington County is dedicated to pastureland
13.2% of agricultural land in Washington County is dedicated to woodlands
4.2% of agricultural land in Washington County is dedicated to other uses
Cash Rents for cropland and pasture
2012: non-irrigated $74.50 pasture $49.00
2013: non-irrigated $76.00 pasture $49.00
Washington County is Ranked in the State of Maryland
Source: MDFarmBureau.com/CountySites/Washington County/Statistics.htm
Washington County ranks ninth in size among the 23 counties, with 293,223 acres in land area, and is the heart of the fruit industry in Maryland. Apple and peach growers harvest over 190,000 trees annually. Dairying is the principle livestock enterprise. Milk cows number 16,000 head, ranking second in the state. Cereal grains are also important to the county. There are 860 farms with an average size of 151 acres. The total number of farmland acres in Washington County is 129,600.
Washington County Land Preservation Program
Agricultural Districts 18542 acres
MD Agricultural Land Preservation Program 12765 acres
Rural Legacy 4336 acres
Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program 251 acres
Installment Payment Program 1113 acres
Mid Maryland Land Trust 227 acres
Maryland Environmental Trust 4650 acres
Forest Conservation 461 acres
Other, scenic easements, conservation fund 2608 acres
Approximately 350,000 people are employed in some aspect of agriculture, making it the largest commercial industry in Maryland. Agriculture also remains the largest single land use in the State, with 2.0 million acres, or roughly 32 percent of total land area used for farming in 2014. The majority of Maryland's farmland is located in the north central part of the State and the upper Eastern Shore. In 2014, some 12,400 Maryland farms averaged 165 acres each.
In 2014, the gross cash income from commodity (crop & animal) receipts and other farm-related activities was approximately $2.7 billion, while the net cash income was approximately $676 million. Total production expenses exceeded $2.3 billion, while per farm expenses averaged $191,747. Net farm income was over $590 million while income per farm averaged $47,580.
In 2014, corn for grain averaged 175.3 bushels per acre. From 430,000 acres, 75.2 million bushels of corn were harvested. The soybean yield averaged 46 bushels per acre, with a total production of 23.2 million bushels. Winter wheat produced 70 bushels per acre, with 17.5 million bushels harvested. Barley production increased to 3.47 million bushels, averaging 77 bushels per acre. The total value of grain crops was approximately $617 million.
Fresh market vegetables and melons, including watermelons, spinach, and cucumbers, were valued at $26.2 million in 2014. In 2014, the potato crop was worth $10.2 million.
In 2012, some 3,973 acres were covered by orchards in Maryland, with apples and peaches the most productive crops. In 2014, nearly 1,900 acres of apple orchards and 800 acres of peach orchards were valued at $13.9 million.
DAIRY & LIVESTOCK
Milk production in 2014 totaled 980 million pounds, and the average milk production per cow was 19,740 pounds. The number of milk cows in 2014 was 50,000. The State's 455 dairy farms brought in $243 million.
As of January 1, 2015, the total number of cattle and calves was 185,000. Cash receipts for cattle and calves increased to $96 million in 2014.
Frederick County leads the State in milk production - its dairy herds account for one third of the SAs of January 1, 2014, approximately 2,200 milk goats and 12,600 goats were used for meat and other purposes in Maryland.
In 2014, cash receipts for market hogs were $10.2 million, up from $8.6 million in 2013. The total number of hogs and pigs in Maryland was 47,000.
Over 14,300 honeybee colonies in 2,376 locations in Maryland are maintained by over 1,800 beekeepers. These colonies produce over 100,000 pounds of honey per year, and in 2014, honey was worth $488,000.
Honeybees not only produce honey and beeswax, they also pollinate nearly 40 percent of the food that we eat, including some $40 million of Maryland's crops.
In 2014, Maryland ranked eighth among states in the number of broilers, or chickens raised for their meat, with 305 million birds produced. Their production value was $990 million and 1.5 billion pounds. This amount accounted for 40 percent of Maryland's total cash farm income that year.
Turkeys brought in some $18 million.
Egg production in Maryland increased in 2014 to 785 million eggs, up from 673 million in 2013, with each bird laying about 282 eggs annually. The majority of Maryland's chicken operations have fewer than 3,000 birds and these 500 "small flocks" produce about 9.6 million eggs each year, while nine operations with more than 3,000 birds produce the rest. In 2014, cash receipts for eggs totaled $70 million.lthy.
WINERIES & VINEYARDS
Wineries and vineyards are a fast-growing segment of Maryland's specialty agriculture. In FY 2014, wineries sold 384,498 gallons of wine and sales were approximately $29 million. The 75 wineries throughout the State offer over 420 wines.
Top Five Commodities by Value (1997):
Total Value of Commodities: $60,604,000
County Ranking by Value of Commodities: 10
Agricultural Land Preservation Programs:
4,460 horses valued at $12,295,000 are at 1,560 locations on 10,200 acres with 4,090 people involved, excluding hired labor
In 2002, one market reported a total of 33 market days accounting for $87,200 in sales from 10,900 customer visits. Seniors and WIC clients redeemed $13,907 in Farmers' Market Nutrition Program coupons.
Certified Organic Producers/Handlers: 3
Weights & Measures Devices Inspected: 1,816
Nutrient Management: Plan Compliance on 1/31/03 was 465 forms covering 83,572 acres
2002 Ag Cost Share to Farmers: $530,071 for 98 projects
State Funds to Soil Conservation District 1994-2003: $604,233
Nurseries Inspected: 40
|Yearly Precipitation (inches)||42.36|
|Yearly Snowfall (inches)||28.5|
|Summer Temperature (Degrees F)||73.4|
|Winter Temperature (Degrees F)||33.0|
|Estimated Persons Per Household||2.71|
|Estimated Average Household Income||$68,377|
|Estimated Median Household Income||$52,857|
|Estimated Per Capita Income||$35,257|
|Civilian Labor Force||71,089||69,065||69,463||69,567||68,336||68,205||68,462|
|Natural Resources & Mining||159||0.2||$607|
|Trade, Transportation & Utilities||15,760||24.7||$572|
|Professional & Business Services||4,670||7.3||$667|
|Education & Health Services||9,899||15.5||$778|
|Leisure & Hospitality||6,045||9.5||$263|